Now we turn our attention to the verbs. A verb is a word that says what action is the subject or subjects. The verbs are listed in the dictionary in their infinite or pre-conjugated form. The term infinitive suggests that the possibilities of the verb are infinite, that is, once it has not been conjugated, no person or number has been attributed to it. In addition to the person and the number, the verbs also have tensions. Tense shows whether the action takes place in the present, the past or the future. There are a few moments that refine how the time of an action is viewed. However, to understand the notion of subject-verb agreement, we use only a regular verb in the current form: hablar, which means to speak. Concordancia is the harmonious combination of elements in a single sentence. There are two types of agreements (Concordancia) in Spanish: nominal concordancia (Noun agreement) and verbal concordancia (verb-agreement). Let`s look at some rules for the Concordancia verbally. In our next article, we`ll see some special cases of verb agreement in espaol, okay. To understand the verb-subject chord, you must first know what a subject and a verb is.
When a verb is conjugated, the infinite extension, in this case- is removed and a series of ends corresponding to one of the six fields is fixed at the end. This correspondence is the issue of the verb-subject agreement. Here is the verb hablar, conjugated in the current indicative tension. By clicking on each of them, you can hear how you can pronounce them: After learning the lesson about the Spanish-themed verb agreement, you will want to check that the class has understood the concepts. Use the following quiz questions on the next page to assess students` understanding. Salieron juntos you papé y mi teo. [Your father and uncle left together.] you papé y mi teo – ellos (3rd person plural) Los medicos gan`is mucha plata los profesores somos muy mal remunerados. [Your doctors make a lot of money, but we teachers are very underpaid.] . From a grammatical point of view, the subjects perform an action.
In Spanish, the materials can be singular or plural. Subjects are either names that are names, names, if you will, that identify a person, for example John, him, me, her, you. A subject does not need to be human. Maybe it`s an animal, like rovers, dogs, elephants. Maybe it`s a plant, like in the rose. Maybe it`s like a corkscrew or a helm. It could even be an abstraction like love or envy. Therefore, all names are entitled to be the subject of a grammatical sentence. Here are some examples mentioned above that are used as grammatical themes: .
English/Spanish teacher and translator for more than 20 years. I`ve been blogging since 2007 and I`m also a professional singer in my spare time. 2. If we are subject compuesto (two or more subjects) the verb must be in plural form. III. Translate the following short English phrases into Spanish. You don`t need to include the subject pronoun in your answer – just give the right verb. Las ni`as jugaban a la rayuela. [The girls were playing Hopscotch.] Juan y te serén buenos amigos. [You and Juan are probably good friends.] Juan y te – ustedes (3rd plural person – Latin American Spanish) .
III. Translate the following English phrases into Spanish. Los artistas tenéis una vida muy agitada. [You artists have a very hectic life.] 1. t/contratar 2. el/emplear 3. ellas/alquilar 4. yo/mandar 5.
Ud./mejorar 6. ellos/aumentar 7. ella/bailar 8. yo/preguntar 9. nosotros/postergar 10. yo/quitar 11. ella y yo/bailar 12. yo/llorar 13. usted/llegar 14. nosotros/llenar 15. ellos/llevar 16. ustedes/llamar 17.
t`y yo /mirar 18. vosotros/postergar 19. ellas/borrar 20. vosotros/determinar II. Adjust the following sentences with your English translations. 1. It increases. Postergo. 2. I`m postponing. b. Mejoran.
3. We rent. v. Empleas. 4. they (t) use. d. Aumenta.
5. They are getting better. e. Alquilamos. III. Translate the following English phrases into Spanish.