Governance Of International Agreements

This effect is the factor of globalization that defies a system of competing states, to the exclusion of all others: among the different areas of global governance, environmental management is the most desired response to the crisis, in the form of collective actions by the entire human community. At the same time, these measures should help to model and strengthen the gradual construction of this community.¬†[21] The International Institute for Sustainable Development proposes a “reform agenda” for global environmental policy. The main argument is that there seems to be a tacit but powerful consensus on the essential objectives of a global environmental policy system. These objectives require the highest quality leadership, strong environmental policy based on knowledge, effective cohesion and coordination, good management of the institutions that make up the environmental management system, and the dissemination of environmental issues and measures in other areas of international policy and action. [24] With this definition, global health appears to be an international regime [6]. These include international institutions dealing with infectious disease surveillance, external assistance to health services, antibiotic resistance and tobacco control, to name a few. Although these institutions have different members and functions, they share an understanding of the health issue and how health should be regulated [7,8,9]. The global health system includes, among other things, the principle that policy decisions must be informed by evidence-based science, the rule that high-income countries should provide health assistance to high-income countries, the rule for member states to notify WHO in the event of an emergency in the area of public health of international interest, and the procedure for setting up transnational partnerships to resolve global health problems. As a result, the global health system has allowed for some convergence of expectations among key players [10].

Gehring T, Oberthur S. The causal mechanisms of interaction between international institutions. Relations between the European Union and the European Union. 2009;15(1):125-56. Ortega also proposes that the European Union contribute more substantially to global governance, including through concerted action in international for a. For example, European states should agree on the reform of the UN Security Council. [79] Third, we find few institutional provisions that link the two regimes. Environmental treaties rarely deal with institutions involved in the global health system and rarely build formal bridges with them. One explanation for this low degree of institutional interaction could be explained by the increase in the number and diversity of institutions that now participate in global health policy.